CALENDAR & NEWS
Digital Tax Accounts/Making Tax Digital
Digital Accounts were initially announced in 2015 and are now established for a large number of taxpayers, having been phased in over the last 4 years.
The basic idea is that each individual will be able to access their tax account 24/7 via all digital means. All employers/pension providers/banks/investment houses and so on will provide direct information to this HMRC system to pre populate sections of the individual accounts. At present these accounts do not replace the Self Assessment system where individuals fall within HMRC requirements to report annually via a Self Assessment return.
Progress of the MTD project has been slower than anticipated and currently only VAT registered businesses are mandated under new legislation, from April 2019, with individual landlords and smaller businesses currently continuing under Self Assessment.
If you wish to discuss how this impacts your own individual position please get in touch.
Resident v Non Resident Issues
Following the introduction of legislation defining residence and non residence for UK tax purposes, various scenarios now exist that did not before whereby without planning even where it seems obvious that a taxpayer is not resident he or she can easily be deemed resident under the new rules.
Averaging of visits to the UK over 4 years to determine long term status no longer apply, and someone can, in certain circumstances be resident in the UK for the entire year by simply being in the UK for as few as 16 days. Generally, if an individual works full time abroad for a complete tax year he or she will not be UK resident in that year if they keep within visit limitations and split year treatment may apply before and after. However, if not working full time then they may continue to be resident in the UK depending on ties to the UK such as a home being available or dependent children remaining in the UK.
This is an area where advice should be sought in the first instance and on a continuing basis as there are now a number of factors to consider annually to ensure that residence status is in accordance with the facts under the new legislation.
Top Rate of Tax, Tax on Savings and Personal Allowances
The top rate of tax was altered with effect from 2013/14, reducing the top rate charged to 45%, which remains for 2019/20 and 2020/21.
A restriction in Personal Allowances now applies for those individuals earning in excess of £100000, with the Personal Allowance reducing by £1 for every £2 above the limit. Income in excess of this, taking in to account the allowance restriction can be seen to give a liability at up to 60% on personal allowances lost.
Each basic rate taxpayer can now receive up to £1000 of bank interest tax free, banks currently pay interest gross. This allowance is reduced to £500 for higher rate taxpayers. Anyone in receipt of more than £1000 interest and/or higher rate payers will need to review their position at least annually to ensure they do not build up an unforeseen tax liability.
Rates of tax on dividends have also changed, with the first £2000 exempt, and then several rates applying thereafter. Previously, basic rate payers had no additional liability on top of the 10% tax credit, higher rate payers paid an additional 22.5%. The changes in tax rates on dividends will require careful calculations for any taxpayer in receipt of more than £2000 (reduced from £5000) from this source.
A "married couples allowance" now exists. This is not an additional allowance, but simply a transfer of 10% of one spouse's personal allowance to the other, where one spouse is a basic rate payer and the other does not pay tax at all. This situation needs to be kept under review/considered annually, the maximum saving is 10% of the personal allowance at 20%.
Whilst we cannot do anything to change tax rates or allowances it may be possible to look at an individual situation and take advantage of opportunities to reduce an individuals overall liability. This can at one end be by simply by claiming previously unclaimed allowances or at the other by taking advantage of government encouraged investment, dependant on attitude to general investment risk etc. We do not, however, participate in or sell any aggressive tax avoidance schemes, nor will we act for clients involved in such schemes.
CALENDER Important Dates
1 April 2020
Corporation tax rate for companies is 19% for 2019/20, small companies rate the same
6 April 2020
HMRC issue Self Assessment returns and Notices to Complete a return for the year to 5 April 2020
31 July 2020
Second payment on account due for 2019/20 (based on 50% of 2018/19 liability unless 2019/20 return already submitted and the liability is lower for later year in which case it will be the lower balance due)
Further 5% surcharge added to any tax still unpaid for 2018/19 tax year.
30 September 2020
File accounts at Companies House for private limited companies with a 31 December 2019 year end.
1 October 2020
Corporation tax due for small companies with accounting periods ended 31 December 2019.
5 October 2020
Last date to inform HMRC of new sources of personal income for 2019/20 year.
31 October 2020
Final date for submission of a return on paper, for HMRC to calculate the tax position and to apply for tax to be coded against income in following year (where less than £3000)
1 November 2020
Paper returns submitted after this date will attract a £100 penalty
30 December 2020
Final date for submission of an online return where any tax under £3000 can be collected via a notice of coding against income in the following year.
1 January 2021
Corporation tax due for small and medium-‐sized companies with accounting periods ended 31 March 2020.
31 January 2021
Final date for submission of an online return
Final date for paper returns for taxpayers who are unable to submit online where HMRC are unable to accept online returns
Due date for payment of Final payment for 2019/20 liability
Due date for payment of 1st payment on account for 2020/21 (where more than £3000 payable or greater than 20% of total tax liability for 2019/20)
1 February 2021
Interest starts to run on unpaid tax as at 31 January 2021
£100 Fine imposed where HMRC requested return for 2019/20 but not submitted. Additional fine of £10 per day for 3 months (total up to £900) starts running at midnight.
28 February 2021
5% Surcharge added on tax unpaid for 2019/20 at this date, interest will still be running.
31 March 2021
Final dale to submit CTSA return for year ended 31 March 2020.